Recently after I posted some Latin Noun Declension worksheets, I had several people ask for worksheets to complement the memory work we do in Cycle 2 of Classical Conversations going along with our Latin Verb Conjugations endings we memorize. This was a challenge as nouns are fairly straight forward and simple, and verbs are like a whole galaxy of complexity.
If your student can get the basics of verbs, they will find the complexity fascinating and enjoy finding patterns in the endings. Once you see the patterns, the memory work shrinks. However, if verbs make you dizzy, then start back at the very beginning.
Latin Verb Conjugations
There are five things you need to know about verbs:
- Number - verbs can be singular or plural. This comes from the noun that is doing the verb...is there one person verbing, or more than one?
- Person - 1st, 2nd, or 3rd. This also comes from the noun that is doing the verb - I, you, he/she/it, we, you, they
- Tense - In Latin, there are six tenses: present (I love - happening now), imperfect (I was loving - continuing action in the past), future (I shall love - hasn't happened yet), perfect (I loved - completed in the past), pluperfect (I had loved - the past of the past), future perfect (I shall have been loving - the past of the future)
- Mood - Indicative (stating a fact), Subjunctive (a wish, condition, or suggestion), Imperative (command)
- Voice - Active (the subject is doing the action - I love), Passive (the subject is receiving the action - I am loved by my kids).
With all of those options, you can see there are many more variations for verbs than nouns. We are narrowing down our focus to only the first three aspects of verbs. All of the worksheets will focus on the Indicative mood and the active voice. Know that there are variations on the conjugations for those as well. For more details, you might enjoy my post on Playing with Latin Verbs.
The Present Stem
Verbs are given in the vocabulary of the Henle I grammar with their 4 principle parts.
You will want to learn all four of these words as you study the vocabulary because if you have those principle parts, you can build any of the variations mentioned above. The present stem is what we will focus on here, and it will build the forms of your verbs in the Present Tense, Imperfect Tense, and Future Tense.
I encourage you to not simply print these worksheets off, set them before your child, and hope that they understand how verbs work! Rather, read over the intro sheet and then guide your student through the process of conjugating their verbs! I would start your Latin studies with Nouns until they become comfortable, and then shift to verbs.
One other thing to understand is that there are four conjugations in Latin; that is, there are four families of verbs that change their endings in a similar way. In the CC Foundations memory work, we only study the 1st Conjugation. When they are in Challenge, they will study all four. While the other three are not totally different, it is good to focus on mastering the way verbs change before you start adding in more variations.
Each worksheet features one verb. The verb is conjugated in the first column. In the second column, the student just adds the ending as memorized from the Foundations memory work, and identifies the personal pronoun that goes along with each definition. The third column is all blank for the student to fill in all of the information. You can fold the paper to hide the answers, or just use another sheet to cover. If that is too hard, just let them copy the information. They will still start to see the patterns even if they are simply copying!
1st Conjugation Present Tense
1st Conjugation Imperfect Tense
1st Conjugation Future Tense
More Verb Resources...
So this is the first half of the CC Cycle 2 memory work for verbs. You can find the Perfect Stem worksheets here.
If you are looking for a more advanced tool for memorizing Latin Verb endings, try my Latin Verb Master Paradigm Practice charts.